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Cavite Topografia

Cavite occupies land area of 142,706 hectares which is approximately 8.72% of CALABARZON’s total land area, 2.74% of the regional land area and 0.48% of the total land area of the Philippines which is 299,404.00 hectares. The municipalities of Maragondon and Silang have the biggest land areas comprising 16,549 hectares, respectively while the municipality of Noveleta has the smallest land area as indicated by the 541 hectares or 0.38% of the provincial total land area.

Cavite is divided into four (4) physiographical areas, namely: The lowest lowland area, lowland area, the central hilly area and the upland mountainous area. The lowest lowland area is the coastal plain in particular.

The lowest lowland area, lowland area, the central hilly area and the upland mountainous area. The lowest lowland area is the coastal plain in particular. These areas have extremely low ground level of EL. 0m to EL. 2m compared to the high tide level of about EL. 0.8m from the Mean Sea Level (MSL). These are the municipalities of Bacoor, Kawit, Noveleta and Rosario.

The lowland area consists of the coastal and alluvial plains. These areas have flat ground slope of less than 0.5% and low ground elevation of EL. 2m to EL. 30m. The alluvial plain can be found in the municipality of Imus and southern part of General Trias. Into these municipalities forms the transition area between the coastal plain and the central hilly area. It also covers some areas of Bacoor, Kawit, Noveleta, Rosario and Tanza.

The third topography type is the central hilly area, generally found on the mountain foot slope. It forms the rolling tuffaceous plateau. This topography includes steep hills, ridges and elevated inland valley. The plateau is characterized with ground elevation ranging from 30m to nearly 400m. Its ground slope ranges from 0.5 to 2%. The city of Trece Martires and the municipalities of Dasmariñas, Indang and Silang have this kind of topography.

The last topography type is upland mountainous area, found in Amadeo and Tagaytay City. They are situated at a very high elevation above EL. 400m with slopes of more than 2%. The Tagaytay ridge has a peak elevation of 650m.

Source: The Study on Comprehensive Flood Mitigation for Cavite Lowland Area, Japan International Cooperation Agency, 2009

Lowest Lowland

Cavite City
Northern Carmona
Eastern Ternate


Southern part of General Trias.

Central Hilly Area

Trece Martires
General Emilio Aguinaldo
General Mariano Alvarez

Upland Mountainous Area

southern part of Maragondon and Carmona.


    Balot Island, located at the mouth of Ternate River[13]
    Caballo Island
    El Fraile Island
    Carabao Island
    La Monja Island, located west of Corregidor
    Limbones Island, located off Maragondon coast near Batangas border
    Pulo ni Burunggoy (now Island Cove Resort) [formerly Covelandia] located in Bacoor Bay
    Santa Amalia Island, located NW of Corregidor

Major rivers

    Saluysoy Spring (Alfonso)
    Matang Tubi
    Bacoor River
    Cañas River
    Imus River
    Labac River
    Maragondon River
    San Juan River or Rio Grande (Grande River)
    Ylang-Ylang River


    Balite Spring (Amadeo)
    Saluysoy Spring (Alfonso)
    Matang Tubig Spring (Tagaytay)
    Malakas Spring (General Aguinaldo)
    Ulo Spring (Mendez)


    Palsajingin Falls (Indang)
    Balite Falls (Amadeo)
    Malibiclibic Falls (Gen. Aguinaldo)
    Talon-Butas Falls (Gen. Aguinaldo)
    Saluysoy Falls (Alfonso)
    Tala River (Gen. Aguinaldo)
    Utod Falls (Magallanes)
    Mayang Falls (Trece)

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